Sport Science is another multi-disciplinary field concerned with the understanding and enhancement of human performance. It includes the knowledge, methods and applications of sub-disciplines of human movement studies (i.e. exercise physiology, biomechanics, motor control and motor development, exercise and sport psychology), as well as how they interact. Biomechanics is traditionally divided into the areas of kinetics (concerning the analysis of the forces acting on the body) and kinematics (concerning the analysis of the movements of the body). The following are some examples of the areas where biomechanics is applied to either support performers or solve issues in sport or exercise:
- The identification of the optimal technique for enhancing sports performance
- The analysis of body loading to determine the safest method for performing a particular sport or exercise task
- The assessment of muscular recruitment and loading
- The analysis of sport and exercise equipment e.g., shoes, surfaces, clubs and racquets
Genetix biomechanists are generally involved in attempting to either enhance performance, or reduce the injury risk in the sport and exercise tasks examined.